Individual Learning Plans

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What is an Individual learning Plan?

An ILP is a collaboratively written document which outlines a student’s current level of ability and identifies specific goals for future attainment. ILP’s ensure students with learning difficulties and disabilities have access to a meaningful curriculum suited to their particular needs.

ILPs build on a student’s current level of learning and take into consideration a student’s cultural, linguistic and social-economic background.

ILP’s are written by the teacher during and after an ILP meeting with parents, carers, case workers, therapists, school counsellors, and anyone else positively involved in the student’s life. And, of course, they should involve the student.

ILP’s should -

  • Contain a meaningful educational program outlining specific, measurable goals and strategies to best achieve those goals.
  • Outline what the student can currently do.
  • Be age and developmentally appropriate.
  • Focus on strengths and potential.
  • Clearly indicate responsibilities.
  • Be regularly reviewed.
  • Be individualised and based on a student’s needs and aspirations.
  • Outline how progress towards goals will be measured.


Steps of an Individual Learning Plan

(Based on DET Victoria’s Table 3.2.1 Stages in an Individual Learning Plan & The Royal Children's Hospital Education Institute’s Key principles to guide the development of an ILP).

1. Understand the Student- what are their needs?

 Identify the students’ strengths, skills, challenges, preferred learning styles and interests. What motivates them? Reflect on their learning in class, use student self-evaluation, questionnaires and inventories.

2. Set SMART goals- make them meaningful & measureable

Set long term goals that reflect learning outcomes in the areas of social, academic and life skills. Write short term goals that are linked to the long term goals. Ensure they are relevant to the student.

3. Plan the Program

Include organisational strategies such as when, how, where and by whom the lessons will be taught. What teaching methods will you use? What learning experiences will you plan? What resources do you need?

4. Implement the Plan

Determine who is responsible for delivering parts of the plan. When will the learning take place? Can the learning experiences be integrated into your daily teaching practice?

5. Monitor & Review

Identify what’s working and what isn’t working. How will the student’s progress be monitored and reported? What will be your process for reviewing and adjusting the plan?


Ensuring Real Benefit

There are a number of things we can do to ensure our ILPs have real benefit for our students; research (A Systematic review of what is known about Individualized Learning Plans, Barnett et al, 2012) suggests the following:

  • The student and all care providers are included in the process,
  • It is focused on strengths and challenges,
  • There is general agreement on the goals,
  • The student’s voice is in evidence throughout the ILP,
  • Goals are measurable and explicit,
  • The student is aware of his/her goals and targets,
  • The ILP is expressed in age-appropriate, simple language,
  • It is a working document with clear procedures for monitoring progress,
  • The ILP process is accepted within the school as a normal part of school procedures,
  • Allocation of time to develop plans, conduct meetings and review progress, as well as providing professional development is established,
  • A standardised format such as software or web-based tool is used.


The documents and printables on this page and in the right hand menu will assist you during the whole ILP process. Please explore and use what you need.


Documents to Use

Before the meeting

To help inform, gather information and plan for the meeting:

Student Questionnaires and Inventories

Wanting to find out more about your students' preferred learning styles, interests, strengths etc? This link will take you to a selection of useful websites for this purpose.

  Click here for Questionnaires page 


ILP Checkist

For ILP Coordinators to ensure all steps in the process have been covered.

  Click here for Checklist


ILP Parent Information Sheet

This sheet provides information parents and carers will need in order to fully participate in the meeting. Please edit if needed to include details relevant to your school.

  Click here for the Information Sheet


ILP Parent Planning Form

This form may be given to parents and/or carers before the meeting to help them consider relevant questions and information.

  Click here for Planning Form


During the meeting

ILP Meeting Guide

The following document will assist you to collect relevant information from the parent/carer to complete the ILP. You can use it during the meeting to guide your questioning. It is editable so you may change the details to fit your school. 

If you would like to practice writing a SMART goal before using this template, go to the  and read up on how to create a proper SMART goal.


After the meeting

It's now time to write your ILP.  

SMART Goal Practice

If you need some practice at writing a SMART goal, read the information on the following page and have a go.

   Click here to go to the SMART goals page


ILP Creator

You can add your school’s crest or logo in the top left hand corner. Pages with icons have drop down information for you to browse through and use if desired, otherwise you can insert your own information. When completed create a PDF of the document to print or save to your computer.